The International Observatory on Statelessness


UNHCR reported that in 2007, Italy recognized 886 stateless persons, but one group has suggested that 10,000 to 15,000 Roma in Italy are without citizenship. Roma and other individuals who were once citizens of countries that no longer exist, such as Yugoslavia or member states of the Soviet Union, have difficulties legalizing their status. With the breakup of Yugoslavia, about 30,000 Roma arrived from the Balkans, adding to the pre-existing population of 90,000 to 110,000 Roma who had been there for centuries. Access to housing, education, and social services is poor.