Urdu-speaking Bihari in Bangladesh

During Pakistani rule, the Urdu-speaking Bihari in Bangladesh were once a prosperous and privileged community but lost everything. After the civil war in 1971, they were fired from government jobs, lost ownership of their land and fled into camps to protect themselves and also to await possible repatriation to Pakistan. Unrecognized as citizens of both Pakistan and Bangladesh, the Bihari belong to no country and sink further into the dark margins of society.   Thirty-five years later, some 200,000 Bihari continue to live an impoverished, hand-to-mouth existence inside the same camps throughout Bangladesh where they are denied most social, civil and economic rights, like this woman in a camp in Saidpur.