The International Observatory on Statelessness


Some Roma acquired citizenship in 1955, but others were left stateless and an unknown number remain so. In 1978, General Order 212 noted that many Roma should not be considered stateless but should be regarded as Greek citizens. However, many Roma did not have basic documents to submit, so it fell upon Greek police to verify their identities. Many Roma who still lack documents are de facto stateless.

In 1955, 60,000 Greek citizens (50,000 of them belonging to the Muslim — originally referred to as Turkish — minority) were deprived of their citizenship under Article 19 of the Greek Nationality Law. This law was repealed in 1998. Macedonian and Turkish minorities in Greece have also historically faced discrimination in the citizenship process.