The International Observatory on Statelessness

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

For three decades, children born to non-U.S. citizens in the CNMI between January 9, 1978 (when the Covenant between the CMNI and the U.S. was adopted) and November 3, 1986 (when the Covenant was ratified), failed to get citizenship. In 2005, citizenship for approximately 300 individuals was affirmed after the U.S. did not appeal a U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruling on behalf of 25 stateless residents which favored granting them American citizenship.